the takuvik


Département de Biologie /
Pavillon Alexandre-Vachon
1045, av. de la Médecine, local 2078
Université Laval
Québec (Québec) G1V 0A6
Phone : +1 418 656 5193


Jean Carignan

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Takuvik co-director
Research Engineer (IRHC) CNRS - isotopic geochemistry

Phone : 418-656-2131 post 7185
Fax : 418-656-2339

Postdoctoral training in isotope geochemistry (1993-1994)
Mentor: Prof. John Ludden, Université de Montréal, Canada
Close collaborators: Don Francis, McGill University, Montreal, Canada; Clément Gariépy, UQAM, Montréal, Canada; Steve Shirey, DTM-Carnegie Institution of Washington, USA

Ph.D. Mineral Resources (1989-1992)
Advisors: Clément Gariépy & Nuno Machado, GEOTOP-UQAM, Montréal, Canada

M.Sc. Earth Sciences (1987-1989)
Advisors: Clément Gariépy & Claude Hillaire-Marcel, GEOTOP-UQAM, Montréal, Canada

B.Sc. Earth Sciences (1985-1987)
Université du Québec à Montréal, Canada

Research Interests :
I am a geochemist with advanced expertise in analytical isotope geochemistry and in the development of tracers for metal cycles in terrestrial environments. As the Director of the CNRS National Facility for Rock and Mineral Analyses (SARM), my research is highly oriented towards analytical and application developments. For the last 10 years, my team and I developed the isotopic analysis of many elements such as Li, Mg, Zn, Se, Cd and Hg. The goal is to use the natural isotopic abundance to trace sources and transformation processes affecting these elements in the environment. Applications are oriented towards our understanding of natural enrichments of metals in sediments and rocks, including environmental issues. Laboratory experiments are also conducted in order to document isotope fractionation factors associated to specific chemical and phase transformations. My scientific projects of the last five years include: 1) the study of metal-rich black shales and the related sedimentary environments, 2) the tracing of marine detrital sediments in relation to oceanic currents, 3) the source tracing of natural and anthropogenic metal aerosols in volcanic, marine, remote, industrial and urban environments, 4) the evaluation of the phyto-availability and bioaccumulation of metals in soils and in atmospheric environment. I am the coordinator of the Arctic Metals project, a Canada-France-Russia consortium working on sources and fate of metals in permafrost thawing environments.

Refereed Publications:

Maccali, J., Hillaire-Marcel, C., Carignan, J., Reisberg, L. Pb-isotopes and geochemical monitoring of Arctic sedimentary supplies and water-mass export through Fram Strait since the Last Glacial Maximum. accepté à Paleoceanography.

Wen, H., Carignan, J., Zhang, Y., Fan, H., Cloquet, C. (2011) Molybdenum isotopic records across the Precambrian-Cambrian boundary. Geology 39 (8), 775-778. DOI: 10.1130/G32055.1

Estrade, N., Carignan, J., Donard, O.F.X. (2011) Tracing and quantifying anthropogenic mercury sources in soils of Northern France using isotopic signatures. Environ. Sci. Techn. 45, 1235-1242.

Wen, H., Carignan, J. (2011) Selenium isotopes trace the source and redox processes in the black shale-hosted Se-rich deposits in China. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75, 1411-1427.

Carignan, J., Sonke, J.E. (2010) The effect of atmospheric mercury depletion events on the net deposition flux around Hudson Bay, Canada. Atmospheric Environment 44, 4372-4379. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2010.07.052.

Estrade, N., Carignan, J., Donard, O.F.X. (2010) Isotope tracing of mercury atmospheric sources in an urban area of Northeastern France. Environ. Sci. Techn., 44, 6062–6067.

Wen, H., Carignan, J., Cloquet, C., Zhu, X., Zhang, Y. (2010) Isotopic composition of molybdenum standard reference and prepared solutions measured by MC-ICP-MS: proposition for delta zero and secondary references. J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 25 (5), 716-721, doi:10.1039/B921060A.

Estrade, N., Carignan, J., Sonke, J.E., Donard, O.F.X. (2010) Measuring Hg isotopes in bio-geo-environmental reference materials. Geostan. Geoanal. Res. 34, 79-87.

Sterckeman, T., Carignan, J., Srayeddin, I., Baize, D., Cloquet, C. (2009) Availability of soil cadmium using stable and radioactive isotope dilution. Geoderma 153, 372-378.

Baron, S., Mahé-Le-Carlier, C., Carignan, J., Ploquin, A. (2009) Archaelogical reconstruction of medieval lead production: implications for ancient metal provenance studies and paleopollution tracing. Applied Geochemistry 24, 2093-2101.

Carignan, J., Estrade, N., Sonke, J.E., Donard, O.F.X. (2009) Odd isotope deficits in atmospheric mercury measured in lichens. Environ. Sci. Techn. 43, 5660-5664.

Wen, H., Carignan, J. (2009) Ocean to continent transfer of atmospheric Se as revealed by epiphytic lichens. Environ. Pollut. 157, 2790-2797.

Estrade, N., Carignan, J., Sonke, J.E., Donard, O.F.X. (2009) Hg isotope fractionation during liquid-vapor evaporation experiments. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta. 73, 2693-2711. doi: 10.1016/j.gca.2009.01.024

Carignan, J., Hillaire-Marcel, C., De Vernal, A. (2008) Arctic vs North Atlantic water mass exchanges in Fram Strait from Pb isotopes in sediments. Can. J. Earth Sci. 45, 1253-1263.

Brenot, A., Cloquet, C., Vigier, N., Carignan, J., France-Lanord, C. (2008) Mg isotopic systematics on the lithologically contrasted Moselle river basin, France. Geochim. et Cosmochim. Acta 72, 5070-5089.

Vigier, N., Decarreau, A., Millot, R., Carignan, J., Petit, S., France-Lanord, C. (2008) Quantifying Li isotope fractionation during smectite formation and implications for the Li cycle. Geochim. et Cosmochim. Acta 72, No.3, 780-792.

Pik, R., Marty, B., Carignan, J., Yirgu, G., Ayalew, T. (2008) Timing of East African Rift development in Southern Ethiopia: Implication for mantle plumes activity and evolution of topography. Geology 36, 167-170.

Cloquet, C., Carignan J., Lehmann, M.F., Vanhaecke F. (2008) Variation in the isotopic composition of zinc in the natural environment and the use of zinc isotopes in biogeosciences: A review. Anal. Bioanal. Chemistry 390, 451-463.

Wen, H., Carignan, J. (2007) Reviews on Atmospheric Selenium: Emissions, Speciation and Fate. Atmospheric Environments 41, 7151-7165.

Wen, H., Carignan, J., Hu, R., Fan, H., Chang, B., Yang, G. (2007) Large selenium isotopic variations in the Yutangba Se deposit, Hubei Province, and its implication for Se enrichment. Chinese Science Bulletin, vol. 52, No 17, 2443-2447.

Brenot, A., Carignan, J., France-Lanord, C., Benoit, M. (2007) Geological and land use controls on δ34S and δ18O of river dissolved sulfate : the Moselle river basin, France. Chemical Geology 244, 25-41.

Carignan, J., Wen H. (2007) Scaling NIST SRM 3149 for Se isotope analysis and isotopic variations of natural samples. Chemical Geology 242, 347-350

Carignan J., Vigier, N., Millot, R. (2007) Three secondary reference materials for Li isotope measurements: Li7-N, Li6-N and LiCl-N. Geostandard and Geoanalytical Research. 31, No 1, 7-12.

Cloquet, C., Carignan J., Libourel, G. (2006) Isotopic composition of Zn and Pb atmospheric depositions in an urban/peri-urban area of northeastern France. Environ. Sci. Techn. 40, 6594-6600.

Baron S., Carignan J., Ploquin A. (2006) Heavy metals (oids) dispersion in soils from a 800 years old pollution (Mont-Lozère, France). Environ. Sci. Techn. 40, 5319-5326.

Cloquet, C., Carignan, J., Libourel, G., Sterckeman, T., Perdrix, E. (2006) Tracing source pollution in soils using cadmium and lead isotopes. Environ. Sci. Techn. 40, 2525-2530.

Kraml, M., Pik, R., Rahn M., Carignan, J., Keller, J. (2006) A new multi-mineral age reference material for 40Ar/39Ar, (U-Th)/He and FT dating methods: the Limberg t3 tuff. Geostandard and Geoanalytical Research. 30, N°2, 73-86.

Rose-Koga, E.F., Sheppard, S.M.F., Chaussidon, M., Carignan, J. (2006) Boron isotopic composition of atmospheric precipitations and liquid-vapour fractionation. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 70, 1603-1615.

Wen, H., Carignan, J., Qiu, Y., Liu S. (2006) Selenium speciation in kerogen from two Chinese selenium deposits: environmental implications. Environ. Sci. Techn. 40, 1126-1132.

Bayon, G., Vigier, N., Burton, K.W., Brenot, A., Carignan, J., Etoubleau, J., Chu, N.-C. (2006) The control of weathering processes on riverine and seawater hafnium isotope ratios. Geology 34, No 6, 433-436.

Cloquet, C., Carignan J., Libourel, G. (2006) Atmospheric pollutant dispersal around an urban area using trace metal concentrations and Pb isotopic compositions in epiphytic lichens. Atmospheric Environment 40, 574-587.

Baron S., Carignan J., Laurent S., Ploquin A. (2006) Medieval lead making on Mont-Lozère Massif (Cévennes-France): Tracing ore sources using Pb isotopes. Applied Geochemistry 21, 241-252.

Sterckeman, T., Douay, F., Baize, D., Fourrier, H., Proix, N., Schvartz, C., Carignan, J. (2006) Trace element distributions in soils developed in loess deposits from northern France. European Journal of Soil Sciences 57, 392-410.

Chabaux, F., Riotte, J., Schmitt, A.-D., Carignan, J., Herckes, P., Pierret, M.-C., Wortham, H. (2005) Variations of U and Sr isotope ratios in Alsace and Luxembourg rain waters: origin and hydrogeochemical implications. Comptes Rendus Geosciences 337, 1447-1456.

Baron S., Lavoie, M., Ploquin A., Carignan J., Pulido, M., De Beaulieu, J.L. (2005) Record of metal workshops in peat deposits: history and environmental impact on the Mont-Lozère massif, France. Environ. Sci. Techn. 39, pp. 5131-5140.

Cloquet C, Rouxel O, Carignan J., Libourel G. (2005) Natural Cadmium isotopic variations in eight Geological Reference Materials (NIST 2711, BCR 176, GSS 1, GXR 1, GXR 2, GSD 12, Nod P1, Nod A1) and anthropogenic samples, measured by MC-ICP MS. Geostandard and Geoanalytical Research 29 No1, pp. 95-106.

Carignan J., Libourel G., Cloquet, C., Le Forestier L. (2005) Lead isotopic composition of fly ash and flue gas residues from municipal solid waste combustors in France: implications for atmospheric lead source tracing. Environ. Sci. Techn. 39, pp. 2018-2024.

Carignan J., Cardinal, D., Eisenhauer, A., Galy A., Rehkämper, M., Wombacher, F., Vigier, N. (2004) A reflection on Mg, Cd, Ca, Li and Si isotopic measurements and related reference materials. Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research 28 No1, pp. 139-148.

Pik R, Marty B, Carignan J., (2003) Stability of the upper Nile drainage network (Ethiopia) deduced from (U-Th)/He thermochronology: implications for uplift and erosion of the Afar plume dome. Earth Planet. Sc. Let. 215, pp. 73-88.

Galy A., Yoffe O., Janney P.E., Williams R.W., Cloquet C., Alard O., Halicz L., Wadhwa M., Hutcheon I.D., Ramon E., Carignan J. (2003) Magnesium isotope heterogeneity of the isotopic standard SRM 980 and new reference materials for magnesium-isotope-ratio measurements. Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry 18, pp. 1352-1356.

Kane S.K., Potts P.J., Wiedenbeck M., Carignan J., Wilson S. (2003) International Association of Geoanalysts' protocol for the certification of geological and environmental materials. Geostandard Newsletter : the Journal of Geostandards and Geoanalysis 27, No 3, pp. 227-244.

Marin L, Lhomme J, Carignan J. (2003) GFAAS determination of selenium after separation with thiol cotton in lichens and plants: the importance of adding a mineral matrix before decomposition. Talanta 61, pp. 119-125.

Meisel, T., Reisberg, L., Moser, J., Carignan, J., Melcher, F., Brügmann, G. (2003) Re-Os systematics of UB-N, a sepentinised peridotite reference material. Chem. Geol. 201, pp. 161-179.

Simonetti, A., Gariépy, C., Carignan, J. (2003). Tracing sources of atmospheric pollution in western Canada using the Pb isotopic composition and heavy metal abundance of epiphytic lichens. Atmospheric Environment 37, pp. 2843-2855.

Carignan, J., Simonetti, A., Gariépy, C. (2002) Dispersal of atmospheric lead in northeastern North America as recorded by epiphytic lichens. Atmospheric Environment 36, pp.3759-3766.

Rouxel O, Ludden J.N., Carignan J., Marin L, Fouquet Y. (2002) Natural variations of Se isotopic composition determined by hydride generation multiple collector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta., 66, 18, pp. 3191-3199.

Carignan, J., Hild, P., Mevelle, G., Morel, J., Yeghicheyan, D. (2001) Routine analyses of trace elements in geological samples using flow injection and low pressure on-line liquid chromatography coupled to ICP-MS: a study of reference materials BR, DR-N, UB-N, AN-G and GH. Geostandard Newsletter : the Journal of Geostandards and Geoanalysis 25, No 2-3, pp. 187-198.

Marin, L., Lhomme, J., Carignan, J. (2001) Determination of selenium concentration in 65 reference materials for geochemical analysis by GFAAS after separation with thiol cotton. Geostandard Newsletter : the Journal of Geostandards and Geoanalysis 25, No 2-3, pp. 317-324.

Yeghicheyan, D., Carignan, J., Valladon, M., Bouhnik Le Coz, M., Le Cornec, F., Castrec-Rouelle, M., Robert, M., Aquilina, L., Aubry, E., Churlaud, C., Dia, A., Deberdt, S., Dupré, B., Reydier, R., Gruau, G., Henin, O., de Kersabiec A.-M., Mace, J., Marin, L., Morin, N., Petitjean, P. and Serrat, E. (2001) A compilation of silicium and thirty one trace elements measured in the natural river water standard SLRS-4 (NRC-CNRC). Geostandard Newsletter : the Journal of Geostandards and Geoanalysis 25, No 2-3, pp. 465-474.

Doucet, F., Carignan, J. (2001) Atmospheric Pb isotopic composition and trace metal concentration as revealed by epiphytic lichens: an investigation related to two altitudinal sections in eastern France. Atmospheric Environment 35, pp. 3681-3690.

Rose, E.F., Carignan, J., Chaussidon, M. (2000) Transfert of atmospheric Boron from oceans to continents : an investigation using precipitation waters and epiphytic lichens. G3 1, AGU and Geochemical Society publication. 15 pages.

Simonetti, A., Gariépy, C., Carignan, J., Poissant, L. (2000) Isotopic evidence of trace metal sources and transport in eastern Canada as recorded from wet deposition. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres vol. 105, No D10, pp. 12263-12278.

Simonetti, A., Gariépy, C., Carignan, J. (2000) Pb and Sr isotopic evidence for sources of atmospheric heavy metals and their deposition budgets in northeastern North America. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 64(20), pp. 3439-3452.

Simonetti, A., Gariépy, C., Carignan, J. (2000) Pb and Sr isotopic compositions of snowpack from Québec, Canada: inferences on the sources and deposition budgets of atmospheric heavy metals. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 64(1), pp. 5-20.

Carignan, J., Gariépy, C., Hillaire-Marcel, C. (1997) Hydrothermal fluids during Mesozoic reactivation of the St. Lawrence rift system: C, O, Sr and Pb isotopic characterization. Chemical Geology 137, pp. 1-21.

Olivo, G., Gauthier, M, Gariépy, C., Carignan, J. (1996) Tectonic and metallogenic implications for Pb isotope data for the Caue Mine, Itabira District, Brazil. Journal of South American Sciences vol. 9, Nos. 3/4, pp. 273-279.

Carignan, J., Ludden, J., Francis, D. (1996) On the recent enrichment of a subcontinental lithosphere: a detailed U-Pb study of spinel lherzolite xenoliths, Yukon, Canada. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 60, No 21, pp. 4241-4252.

Carignan, J., Machado, N., Gariépy, C. (1995) U-Pb geochemistry of komatiites and CPX from the southern Abitibi greenstone belt, Canada. Chemical Geology 126, pp. 17-27.

Carignan, J., Gariépy, C. (1995) Isotopic composition of epiphytic lichens as a tracer of the sources of atmospheric Pb emissions in southern Québec, Canada. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta.59, No 21, pp. 4427-4433.

Carignan, J., Gariépy, C. (1995) Formation age and source of molybdenite, Grenville Province, Canada: Pb isotope evidence. Economic Geology 90, pp. 956-963.

Carignan, J., Machado, N., Gariépy, C. (1995) Determination of the initial Pb isotopic composition of the Mulcahy layered intrusion: the nature of the late Archean mantle in the Superior Province of Canada and its implication for the evolution of greenstone belts. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 59, No. 1, pp. 97-105.

Carignan, J., Ludden, J., Francis, D. (1994) Isotopic characteristics of mantle sources for Quaternary continental alkaline magmas in the northern Canadian Cordillera. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 128, pp. 271-286.

Carignan, J., Machado, N., Gariépy, C. (1993) Pb isotopic composition of Ni-Cu-Pb ore deposits in an Archean greenstone belt: Evidence for Proterozoic remobilization in the Pontiac Subprovince of Canada. Economic Geology 88, pp. 709-715.

Carignan, J., Gariépy, C., Machado, N., Rive, M.(1993) Pb isotope geochemistry of granitoids and gneisses from the Abitibi and Pontiac Subprovinces of the Superior Province, Canada. Chemical Geology 106, pp. 299-316.

Carignan, J., Gariépy, C (1993) Pb isotope geochemistry of Au deposits from the Abitibi Subprovince: evidence for the source of Archean gold. Economic Geology 88, pp. 1722-1730.